glyphs

2015-08-04

glyphs

A little experiment in reducing verbosity in Common Lisp, inspired by BODOL (https://github.com/bodil/BODOL - no affiliation).

To try it out in your REPL you can use (ql:quickload :glyphs) if you have added to your ASDF load path in local projects.

Update: Now that it's in quicklisp, simply:

(ql:quickload :glyphs)

Examples

Factorial example with glyphs function macro:

glyphs:

(? factorial
   0 ? 1
   ? ? (* ? (factorial (1- ?))))

vs.:

(defun factorial (x)
  (cond ((equal x 0) 1)
        (x (* x (factorial (1- x))))))

result:

(factorial 8)
40320

Type safety with factorial

(? factorial
  0 ? 1
  (and (numberp ?) (> ? 0)) ? (* ? (factorial (1- ?)))
  ? ? (error "Non-numbers (or negatives) don't work real well with factorials!"))

vs.:

(defun factorial (x)
  (cond ((equal x 0) 1)
        ((and (numberp x) (> x 0)) (* x (factorial (1- x))))
        (t (error "Non-numbers (or negatives) don't work real well with factorials!"))))

Built in type safety with factorial

(?? factorial (integer ? integer)
  0 ? 1
  ? ? (* ? (factorial (1- ?))))

Reverse a list

glyphs:

(? reverse*
  (cdr ?) ? (append (reverse* (cdr ?)) `(,(car ?)))
  ? ? ?)

Map with glyphs lambda macro to compare strings and do a side effect

glyphs:

(mapcar (? "cat" ? (print "Cats rock")
           "dog" ? (print "Dogs do too!")) '("cat" "dog" "mouse"))

vs.:

(mapcar (lambda (x)
          (cond ((equal x "cat") (print "Cats rock"))
                ((equal x "dog") (print "Dogs do too!")) '("cat" "dog" "mouse"))))

result:

"Cats rock"
"Dogs do too!"
NIL

Comparison based on passed in conditionals

glyphs:

(? double-odds-half-evens
  (oddp ?) ? (* x 2)
  (evenp ?) ? (/ x 2))

vs.:

(defun double-odds-half-evens (x)
  (cond ((oddp x) (* x 2))
        ((evenp x) (/ x 2))))

result:

(double-odds-half-evens 4)
2
(double-odds-half-evens 3)
6

Using multiple values by including special variables in the statement

You can use multiple values by prefixing a variable in the statement portion of the code with either a '?' or an '?'.

glyphs:

(mapcar (? ? ? (+ ? ?b ?c)) '(1 2 3) '(4 5 6) '(7 8 9))

vs.:

(mapcar (lambda (a b c) (+ a b c)) '(1 2 3) '(4 5 6) '(7 8 9))

result:

(12 15 18)

Fast matching based on regex strings

Make sure to use the readtable that comes with it first:

(in-readtable glyphs:syntax)

Or these little readtable shortcuts will not work.

glyphs:

(? any-cats?
  ~"cat"~ ? (print "yes!"))

vs.:

(defun any-cats? (x)
  (when (cl-ppcre:scan "cat" x)
    (print "yes!")))

result:

(any-cats? "I see some cats")
"yes!"

Easy regex replaces on matching strings

glyphs:

(? no-cats
  ~"(were|cat)"~ ? |"dog"|)

vs.:

(defun no-cats (x)
  (let ((regex "(were|cat)"))
       (when (cl-ppcre:scan regex x)
         (cl-ppcre:regex-replace-all regex x "dog"))))

result:

(no-cats "there were dogs and there were cats")
"there dog dogs and there dog dogs"

Currently used glyphs and bindings for them (more to come)

Emacs bindings

Add to `.emacs'

;; Keybindings for glyphs
(global-set-key (kbd "M-l") (lambda () (interactive) (insert "\u03bb"))) ; ? lambda
(global-set-key (kbd "M-f") (lambda () (interactive) (insert "\u0192"))) ; ? function
(global-set-key (kbd "M--") (lambda () (interactive) (insert "\u2192"))) ; ? right arrow
(global-set-key (kbd "M-a") (lambda () (interactive) (insert "\u03b1"))) ; ? alpha
(global-set-key (kbd "M-y") (lambda () (interactive) (insert "\u03c8"))) ; ? psi

Vim bindings

Add to `.vimrc'

" Keybindings for glyphs
:inoremap <A-l> <C-v>u3bb<Space>   ; ? lambda
:inoremap <A-f> <C-v>u192<Space>   ; ? function
:inoremap <A--> <C-v>u2192<Space>  ; ? right arrow
:inoremap <A-a> <C-v>u03b1<Space>  ; ? alpha
:inoremap <A-y> <C-v>u03c8<Space>  ; ? psi

Mac OS X keybindings

Add to `~/Library/KeyBindings/DefaultKeyBinding.dict'

{
"~l" = ("insertText:", "\U03BB"); /* alt + l ~> ? lambda */
"~f" = ("insertText:", "\U0192"); /* alt + f ~> ? function */
"~-" = ("insertText:", "\U2192"); /* alt + - ~> ? right arrow */
"~a" = ("insertText:", "\U03b1"); /* alt + a ~> ? alpha */
"~y" = ("insertText:", "\U03c8"); /* alt + y ~> ? psi */
}

StumpWM keybindings

(defmacro defkeys-top (&rest keys)
  (let ((ks (mapcar #'(lambda (k) (cons 'defkey-top k)) keys)))
    `(progn ,@ks)))

(defcommand xdo-lambda () ()
    (run-shell-command "xdotool type ?"))
(defcommand xdo-fn () ()
    (run-shell-command "xdotool type ?"))
(defcommand xdo-alpha () ()
    (run-shell-command "xdotool type ?"))
(defcommand xdo-arrow () ()
    (run-shell-command "xdotool type ?"))

(defkeys-top
    ("s-l" "xdo-lambda")
    ("s-f" "xdo-fn")
    ("s--" "xdo-arrow")
    ("s-a" "xdo-alpha"))

If you're absolutely opposed to non-ascii characters, you can use:

? == /.
? == f
? == ->

License

See LICENSE.md

Author
Matthew Carter <m@ahungry.com>
License
GPLv3