QITAB MySQL Native Driver
A MySQL client that uses the native network protocol to communicate with a MySQL server.
Like many libraries in Common Lisp,
QMyND is available in Quicklisp. To load the driver type
(ql:quickload 'qmynd) in the REPL.
QMyND is rather undocumented. The best resources for learning how it works are its source code and the included tests.
There are two ways to connect to a MySQL database: the network socket and the local socket. The second type of connection is possible only in case of implementations supporting
AF_LOCAL sockets (at the time of writing: CCL, ECL and SBCL) with the function
mysql-local-connect. In our example we will use the first type, but the usage is very much similar in both cases.
All communication with the database is done through an opaque structure representing connection. The following invocation is self-explanatory:
> (defparameter *connection* (qmynd:mysql-connect :host "localhost" :username "jack" :password "daniel" :database "mydb")) *CONNECTION*
Driver supports both queries and prepared statements. To issue a simple query we use the
> (qmynd:mysql-query *connection* "CREATE TABLE super_table (id INT, name VARCHAR(255), timestamp DATETIME)") #S(QMYND:RESPONSE-OK-PACKET :AFFECTED-ROWS 0 :LAST-INSERT-ID 0 :STATUS-FLAGS 2 :WARNINGS 0 :INFO "") > (qmynd:response-ok-packet-status-flags *) 2
If the query doesn't return rows, the function returns the
response-ok-packet structure that may be read with standard accessors, which were automatically created for the structure as depicted in the snippet above.
For efficiency and security the user may use a prepared statement. First we need to prepare it.
> (defparameter *st-insert* (qmynd:mysql-statement-prepare *connection* "INSERT INTO super_table VALUES (?, ?, NOW())")) *ST-INSERT*
Parameters to the statement are passed with the key argument
parameters, which needs to be a sequence (be it a vector or a list):
> (qmynd:mysql-statement-execute *st-insert* :parameters #(1 "foo")) #S(QMYND:RESPONSE-OK-PACKET :AFFECTED-ROWS 1 :LAST-INSERT-ID 0 :STATUS-FLAGS 2 :WARNINGS 0 :INFO "") > (dotimes (v 10) (qmynd:mysql-statement-execute *st-insert* :parameters (vector v "foo")) (sleep 1)) NIL
When we are done with the statement we should close it to release the server-side resources:
(qmynd:mysql-statement-close *st-insert*) ; no value
When we query database for rows, we receive two values: the resulting rows sequence (try the key parameter
result-type to customize its type) and a vector of column descriptors. The second value is not very interesting to us because it is part of the internal implementation.
> (let ((results (qmynd:mysql-query *connection* "SELECT * FROM super_table LIMIT 3" :result-type 'list))) results) ((1 "foo" #<MYSQL-DATE-TIME 2017-08-30 14:47:07.000000>) (0 "foo" #<MYSQL-DATE-TIME 2017-08-30 14:49:17.000000>) (1 "foo" #<MYSQL-DATE-TIME 2017-08-30 14:49:18.000000>))
To process rows one-by-one with a function and discard them without consing the result, the key parameter
row-fn should be used. To coerce all columns to text, set
> (qmynd:mysql-query *connection* "SELECT * FROM super_table LIMIT 3" :as-text t :row-fn (lambda (row) (print row)) :result-type 'list) ("1" "foo" "2017-08-30 14:47:07") ("0" "foo" "2017-08-30 14:49:17") ("1" "foo" "2017-08-30 14:49:18") NIL
Note that only the returned value above is NIL; the preceding lists are printed statements appearing in the console.
interval types are represented as CLOS objects on which some methods are defined.
> (qmynd:universal-time-to-mysql-date-time (get-universal-time)) #<MYSQL-DATE-TIME 2017-08-30 13:24:26.000000> > (qmynd:mysql-date-time-year *) 2017 > (qmynd:seconds-to-mysql-time-interval 100) #<MYSQL-TIME-INTERVAL 0:01:40.000000> > (cons (qmynd:mysql-time-interval-seconds *) (qmynd:mysql-time-interval-minutes *)) (40 . 1)
When we are done with working on our database, we may close the connection:
> (qmynd:mysql-disconnect *connection*) NIL
This short tutorial is meant to get your feet wet with using MySQL. For more sophisticated usage you should read the source code and docstrings.
This is a free software published under an MIT-like license (see
LICENSE). The project is hosted on GitHub and is developed by individuals scattered around the world like many other FOSS projects.
To contribute you have to fork the repository located at https://github.com/qitab/qmynd and issue a pull request with your commits. Ideas for improvements may be found in a
TODO file and issue entries on tracker hosted with the project. Writing documentation and tests is also a useful task which benefits the project's usefulness and stability.
- Alejandro Sede?o
- Alejandro Sede?o