jonathan

2017-05-16

Jonathan

Build Status Build Status Coverage Status Quicklisp dist

JSON encoder and decoder.
It's faster than jsown - high performance Common Lisp json parser.

See Document.
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Usage

(to-json '(:name "Common Lisp" :born 1984 :impls (SBCL KCL)))
;; => "{\"NAME\":\"Common Lisp\",\"BORN\":1984,\"IMPLS\":[\"SBCL\",\"KCL\"]}"

(to-json '(:name "Common Lisp" :born 1984 :impls (SBCL KCL))
         :octets t)
;; => #(123 34 78 65 77 69 34 58 34 67 111 109 109 111 110 32 76 ...)

(to-json '((:name . "Common Lisp") (:born . 1984) (:impls SBCL KCL))
         :from :alist)
;; => "{\"NAME\":\"Common Lisp\",\"BORN\":1984,\"IMPLS\":[\"SBCL\",\"KCL\"]}"

(to-json '(:obj (:name . "Common Lisp") (:born . 1984) (:impls SBCL KCL))
         :from :jsown)
;; => "{\"NAME\":\"Common Lisp\",\"BORN\":1984,\"IMPLS\":[\"SBCL\",\"KCL\"]}"

(let ((encoder (compile-encoder (:from :alist) (name)
                 `(("name" . ,name)))))
  (funcall encoder "Rudolph"))
;; => "{\"name\":\"Rudolph\"}"

(parse "{\"NAME\":\"Common Lisp\",\"BORN\":1984,\"IMPLS\":[\"SBCL\",\"KCL\"]}")
;; => (:NAME "Common Lisp" :BORN 1984 :IMPLS ("SBCL" "CCL" "KCL"))

(parse "{\"NAME\":\"Common Lisp\",\"BORN\":1984,\"IMPLS\":[\"SBCL\",\"KCL\"]}"
       :as :alist)
;; => (("NAME" . "Common Lisp") ("BORN" . 1984) ("IMPLS" "SBCL" "CCL" "KCL"))

(parse "{\"NAME\":\"Common Lisp\",\"BORN\":1984,\"IMPLS\":[\"SBCL\",\"KCL\"]}"
       :as :jsown)
;; => (:obj ("NAME" . "Common Lisp") ("BORN" . 1984) ("IMPLS" "SBCL" "CCL" "KCL"))

(parse "{\"NAME\":\"Common Lisp\",\"BORN\":1984,\"IMPLS\":[\"SBCL\",\"KCL\"]}"
       :as :hash-table)
;; => #<HASH-TABLE :TEST EQUAL :COUNT 3>

Installasion

(ql:quickload :jonathan)

to-json

  • can encode Object into JSON format.
  • Restricted Property List. (:from :plist)
  • Association List. (:from :alist)
  • Jsown Object. (:from :jsown)
  • can return not only string but also octets.
  • can be compiled by compiler-macro.
;; Restricted Property List Samples
(to-json '(:name :age :born :impls))
;; => "{\"NAME\":\"AGE\",\"BORN\":\"IMPLS\"}"
;; not "[\"NAME\",\"AGE\",\"BORN\",\"IMPLS\"]"

(to-json '(:name "Common Lisp" :born))
;; => "{\"NAME\":\"Common Lisp\",\"BORN\":[]}"
  • is customizable by %to-json, %write-char and %write-string.
(defclass user ()
  ((id :type integer :initarg :id)
   (name :type string :initarg :name)))

(defmethod %to-json ((user user))
  (with-object
    (write-key-value "id" (slot-value user 'id))
    (write-key-value "name" (slot-value user 'name))))

(to-json (make-instance 'user :id 1 :name "Rudolph"))
;; => "{\"id\":1,\"name\":\"Rudolph\"}"
Benchmark of to-json

Benchmark of to-json

(let ((post (compile-encoder () (text)
               (list :|channel| "lisp-alien"
                     :|username| "alien-bot"
                     :|text| text
                     :|icon_url| "http://www.lisperati.com/lisplogo_warning2_256.png"))))
  (time
   (dotimes (_ 100000)
     (funcall post "Post from Alien!"))))
;; => 0.095

(flet ((post (text)
         (jonathan:to-json
               (list :|channel| "lisp-alien"
                     :|username| "alien-bot"
                     :|text| text
                     :|icon_url| "http://www.lisperati.com/lisplogo_warning2_256.png"))))
  (time
   (dotimes (_ 100000)
     (post "Post from Alien!"))))
;; => 0.095

(flet ((post (text)
         (format nil "{\"channel\":\"lisp-alien\",\"username\":\"alien-bot\",\"text\":~s,\"icon_url\":\"http://www.lisperati.com/lisplogo_warning2_256.png\"}" text)))
  (time
   (dotimes (_ 100000)
     (post "Post from Alien!"))))"\"}"))))
;; => 0.146

(flet ((post (text)
         (jonathan:to-json
               (list :|channel| "lisp-alien"
                     :|username| "alien-bot"
                     :|text| text
                     :|icon_url| "http://www.lisperati.com/lisplogo_warning2_256.png"))))
  (time
   (dotimes (_ 100000)
     (post "Post from Alien!"))))
;; => 0.604 - without compiler-macro.

(flet ((post (text)
         (jsown:to-json
          `(:obj (:|channel| . "lisp-alien")
                 (:|username| . "alien-bot")
                 (:|text| . ,text)
                 (:|icon_url| . "http://www.lisperati.com/lisplogo_warning2_256.png")))))
  (time
   (dotimes (_ 100000)
     (post "Post from Alien!"))))
;; => 1.117

parse

  • can decode JSON format string into Object.
  • Property List. (:as :plist)
  • Association List. (:as :alist)
  • Json Object. (:as :jsown)
  • Hash Table. (:as :hash-table)
  • can allow junked JSON format string (:junk-allowed t)
  • can customize *null-value*, *false-value* and *empty-array-value*.
  • can restrict keywords to read. (:keywords-to-read)
  • can normalize keywords. (:keyword-normalizer)
  • can not normalize keywords in nested objects.
  • can ignore keywords when normalizer returns NIL.
  • can unescape unicode escape sequences. (:unescape-unicode-escape-sequence)
(parse "{\"key\":\"value\"}")
;; => (:|key| "value")

(parse "{\"key\":\"value\"")
;; => raise <jonathan-unexpected-eof>.

(parse "{\"key\":\"value\"" :junk-allowed t)
;; => (:|key| "value")

(let ((*null-value* :null)
      (*false-value* :false)
      (*empty-array-value* :[]))
  (parse "{\"null\":null,\"false\":false,\"empty\":[]}"))
;; => (:|null| :NULL :|false| :FALSE :|empty| :[])

(parse "{\"key1\":\"value1\",\"key2\":\"value2\"}" :keywords-to-read '("key1"))
;; => (:|key1| "value1")

(flet ((normalizer (key)
         (with-vector-parsing (key)
           (match-i-case
             ("key1" (return-from normalizer "other-key1"))
             ("key2" (return-from normalizer "other-key2"))
             (otherwise (return-from normalizer nil))))))
  (parse "{\"KEY1\":{\"key2\":\"value2\"},\"key3\":\"value3\"}"
         :keyword-normalizer #'normalizer)
;; => (:|other-key1| (:|key2| "value2"))
  (parse "{\"KEY1\":{\"key2\":\"value2\"},\"key3\":\"value3\"}"
         :keyword-normalizer #'normalizer
         :normalize-all t))
;; => (:|other-key1| (:|other-key2| "value2"))

(parse "\"\\u30b8\\u30e7\\u30ca\\u30b5\\u30f3\"")
;; => "?????"

(parse "\"\\uD840\\uDC0B\"")
;; => "?"

(parse "\"\\u30b8\\u30e7\\u30ca\\u30b5\\u30f3\""
       :unescape-unicode-escape-sequence nil)
;; => "\u30b8\u30e7\u30ca\u30b5\u30f3"
Benchmark of parse

Benchmark of parse

(let ((s "{\"key1\":\"value\",\"key2\":1.1,\"key3\":[\"Hello\",1.2]}"))
  (time
   (dotimes (_ 100000)
     (jonathan:parse s :as :alist))))
;; => 0.174

(let ((s "{\"key1\":\"value\",\"key2\":1.1,\"key3\":[\"Hello\",1.2]}"))
  (time
   (dotimes (_ 100000)
     (jonathan:parse s :as :jsown))))
;; => 0.181

(let ((s "{\"key1\":\"value\",\"key2\":1.1,\"key3\":[\"Hello\",1.2]}"))
  (time
   (dotimes (_ 100000)
     (jsown:parse s))))
;; => 0.204
Benchmark of parse partially

Benchmark of parse partially

(let ((s "{\"key1\":\"value\",\"key2\":1.1,\"key3\":[\"Hello\",1.2]}"))
  (time
   (dotimes (_ 100000)
     (jonathan:parse s :as :alist :keywords-to-read '("key1")))))
;; => 0.065

(let ((s "{\"key1\":\"value\",\"key2\":1.1,\"key3\":[\"Hello\",1.2]}"))
  (time
   (dotimes (_ 100000)
     (jonathan:parse s :as :jsown :keywords-to-read '("key1")))))
;; => 0.069

(let ((s "{\"key1\":\"value\",\"key2\":1.1,\"key3\":[\"Hello\",1.2]}"))
  (time
   (dotimes (_ 100000)
     (jsown:parse s "key1"))))
;; => 0.085

Helper

compile-encoder

  • can compile encoder.
(compile-encoder () (name)
  (list :name name))
;; => #<FUNCTION (LAMBDA (name))>

(funcall * "Rudolph")
;; => "{\"NAME\":\"Rudolph\"}"

(compile-encoder (:from :alist) (name)
  `(("name" . ,name)))
;; => #<FUNCTION (LAMBDA (name))>

(funcall * "Rudolph")
;; => "{\"name\":\"Rudolph\"}"

(compile-encoder (:octets t) (name)
  (list :name name))
;; => #<FUNCTION (LAMBDA (name))>

(funcall * "Rudolph")
;; => #(123 34 75 69 89 49 ...)

with-object

(defclass user ()
  ((id :initarg :id)
   (name :initarg :name)))
   
(defmethod %to-json ((user user))
  (with-object
    (write-key "id")
    (write-value (slot-value user 'id))
    (write-key-value "name" (slot-value user 'name))))

(to-json (make-instance 'user :id 1 :name "Rudolph"))
;; => "{\"id\":1,\"name\":\"Rudolph\"}"

with-array

(defclass user ()
  ((id :initarg :id)
   (name :initarg :name)))
   
(defmethod %to-json ((user user))
  (with-array
    (write-item "id")
    (write-item (slot-value user 'id))
    (write-item "name")
    (write-item (slot-value user 'name))))

(to-json (make-instance 'user :id 1 :name "Rudolph"))
;; => "[\"id\",1,\"name\",\"Rudolph\"]"

with-output

(with-output-to-string (stream)
  (with-output (stream)
    (with-object
      (write-key-value "key" "value"))))
;; => "{\"key\":\"value\"}"

with-output-to-string*

(with-output-to-string*
  (with-object
    (write-key-value "key" "value"))))
;; => "{\"key\":\"value\"}"

See Also

Author

  • Rudolph-Miller

Copyright (c) 2015 Rudolph-Miller

Author
Rudolph-Miller
License
MIT
Categories
json, jsown