This is a utility kit for
cl-sdl2 that provides something similar to
GLUT. However, it's also geared at being useful for "real" applications or games.
At the moment, this includes the following functionality:
- A generalized event loop
- Managing multiple windows
- Managing the rendering loop, including GL
- Integrating with binary generation for easy startup/exit
For an example, see
To make a new window, you simply create a subclass of
GL-WINDOW, and implement the
WINDOW protocol. You should primarily specialize on
window-event WINDOW TYPE TIMESTAMP DATA1 DATA2: Handle a WM event (see the SDL2 documentation for parameters)
mousebutton-event WINDOW STATE TIMESTAMP BUTTON X Y
mousemotion-event WINDOW TIMESTAMP X Y
textinput-event WINDOW TIMESTAMP TEXT
keyboard-event WINDOW STATE TIMESTAMP REPEAT-P KEYSYM
other-event WINDOW EVENT: Other events not implemented yet
close-window WINDOW: Close the window. If you add a method to this, the window will not be closed unless you
CALL-NEXT-METHOD. This may be useful!
INITIALIZE-INSTANCE requires you
CALL-NEXT-METHOD first, or simply define your method as
:AFTER. (This is due to method ordering being most-specific-first.)
Of these, you should only call
CLOSE-WINDOW from user code. However, these can be called from any thread safely.
By default, windows do not render continuously, but only when
RENDER is called, or when an expose event is received. You may do the following to enable idle rendering:
(setf (idle-render WINDOW) t)
You may do this at any time, and also set it to
NIL to disable idle rendering.
When an unhandled error happens in
RENDER, this could lead to unpleasant effects: often a long string of errors until the window is close, or the error is fixed, especially if
IDLE-RENDER is enabled.
However, sdl2kit will automatically disable window rendering if such an error occurs. This will prevent further errors from occurring. To re-enable or check the status of rendering, use the following:
(render-enabled WINDOW): Return the status of rendering
(setf (render-enabled WINDOW) BOOLEAN): Set the state of window rendering
Note that this only prevents rendering; events and other callbacks will still be active. This makes it easy to close a window if desired before fixing the issue.
Startup Functions and Making Binaries
While you can call
(make-instance 'my-window) manually, you should define a startup function. This will ease a number of things:
(define-start-function run-my-game (&key (w 1280) (h 720)) (sdl2:gl-set-attr :context-major-version 3) (sdl2:gl-set-attr :context-minor-version 3) (sdl2:gl-set-attr :context-profile-mask 1) (sdl2:gl-set-attr :stencil-size 8) (make-instance 'game-window :w w :h h))
This wraps the function in
SDL2:IN-MAIN-THREAD, as well as pre- and post-initialization.
This is convenient, but it's even more important for making binaries. When you dump a lisp image, this makes sure the initialization and startup of cl-sdl2 and sdl2kit are in the right order.
Typically when you dump a binary, you define a "toplevel function" to be called. It should look something like this:
lisp (save-my-lisp :toplevel-function (lambda () (sdl2:make-this-thread-main 'run-my-game)))
This will prevent additional threads from being created (unless your game makes them itself), and everything should run and exit seamlessly (but see below).
(RUN-MY-GAME) should also work normally in Sly or SLIME.
It's worth noting that in some lisp implementations, all SDL and OpenGL calls must be made from the main thread. The
examples/rotating-cube.lisp can be run as follows:
(ql:quickload :sdl2kit-examples) (sdl2.kit:define-start-function cube-test (&key (w 800) (h 500)) (sdl2:gl-set-attr :stencil-size 8) (sdl2:gl-set-attr :context-profile-mask 1) (sdl2:gl-set-attr :context-major-version 3) (sdl2:gl-set-attr :context-minor-version 3) (make-instance 'kit.sdl2.test:cube-window :w w :h h)) (sdl2:make-this-thread-main #'cube-test)
Quitting sdl2kit can by done with
(kit.sdl2:quit). This also quits
(sdl2:quit). Normally, you should not need to do this during development, or if you're running things in Sly or SLIME. However, if you're making a binary, you probably want your game to exit! In this case, calling
CLOSE-WINDOW or some other event should be sufficient to exit, if you're using a startup function as above.
Build integration is coming soon, so it's easy to tell whether you're running "as a binary" or not. Currently to do this, you will need to set some flag yourself during the build process, which is also available during normal runs.
- Chip Collier <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Ryan Pavlik <email@example.com>, Peter Keller <firstname.lastname@example.org>